Günter Grass 
Author

poèmes

Original

Übersetzung

BOHNEN UND BIRNEN allemand

IM EI allemand

traductions: ru

to poem

ASKESE allemand

traductions: ru

to poem

KINDERLIED allemand

traductions: ru

to poem

KLECKERBURG allemand

MÄRZ allemand

FEDERN BLASEN allemand

MEINE ALTE OLIVETTI allemand

TANGO NOCTURNO allemand

WEGZEHRUNG allemand

Günter Grass 
Author

Foto © gezett.de
* 16.10.1927, Gdańsk, Pologne
13.04.2015, Lübeck, Allemagne

Günter Grass was born on October 16, 1927, in what was then the "Free City of Danzig". After attending elementary school and high school, he registered voluntarily for the submarine force, as he confessed in his 2006 memoir "Beim Häuten der Zwiebel" ("Skinning the Onion"). But since the submarine force no longer accepted anyone, he was called up to join the Waffen-SS in Dresden in 1944. At the end of the Second World War, Grass was taken prisoner by the US-American troops, but was released in 1946. After working as a farmhand and in a lime mine, he began an apprenticeship with a stonemason in Düsseldorf in 1947. He then studied graphic art and sculpture at the Düsseldorf Academy of Art from 1948 to 1952. From 1953 to 1956 he continued his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Berlin as a student of the sculptor Karl Hartung.

 Foto © gezett.de
In 1956 Grass moved to Paris for a few years with the Swiss ballet dancer Anna Schwarz, to whom he had been married two years before. In 1956 he made his debut as a poet and a year later also as a playwright.
In 1958, Grass reads the first chapter of his as yet unpublished novel at the annual meeting of "Gruppe 47", and this reading makes the previously largely unknown 32-year-old author suddenly famous. Publishers vie for the unfinished manuscript. Until 1958 he wrote mainly short prose, poems and plays, but in 1959 his novel Die Blechtrommel (en: The Tin Drum, 1959) was not only his overnight literary breakthrough, but also his immediate inclusion in the international literary canon of the day. The story of Oskar Matzerath, an oddball of small stature, set in Gdansk, together with the novella Katz und Maus (1961, en: Cat and Mouse, 1963) and the novel Hundejahre (1963, en: Dog Years, 1965), form the so-called Danzig Trilogy.

From 1960 Grass lived again in Berlin-Friedenau. In his first marriage, which lasted until 1972 and was divorced in 1978, he became father of four children.
The 1979 film version of The Tin Drum by Volker Schlöndorff, in whose screenplay Grass himself also participated, received, among others, the "Golden Bowl" of the German Federal Film Award, the "Golden Palm" of the Cannes Film Festival and the "Academy Award" ("Oscar").

Throughout his life, Grass is not only one of the most important German-language authors, but also an important figure in the public life of the Federal Republic due to his political commitment. Other important novels and stories by the author include Der Butt (1977, en: The Flounder, 1978), Die Rättin (1986, en: The Rat, 1987) and Beim Häuten der Zwiebel (2006, en: Peeling the Onion, 2007). His books have been translated into numerous languages. In addition to his work as a writer, Grass continues to work as a sculptor, painter and graphic artist.

In 1972 Grass moves into the house in Wewelsfleth in Schleswig-Holstein, which he will give to the Berlin Senate decades later as a place for residency grants in the Alfred Döblin House. In 1979 Grass marries the organist Ute Grunert. Together with her, Günter Grass lives in India from August 1986 to January 1987. The following year he publishes Zunge zeigen. A diary in drawings, which captures the time in India. In 1995 Grass moves to Lübeck.

In 1999 Günter Grass is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for his life's work.

Although Grass's affiliation with the Waffen-SS, which he only made public in 2006, leads to a heated public debate, the recognition of his rank as an author remains largely unaffected by this discussion.

On April 13, 2015, Günter Grass died in Lübeck at the age of 87.

Publications
  • Die Vorzüge der Windhühner

    Lyrik

    Göttingen: Steidl, 1956

  • Die Blechtrommel

    Roman

    Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1959

  • Gleisdreieck

    Lyrik

    Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1960

  • Katz und Maus

    Novelle

    Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1961

  • The Tin Drum

    Translated by Ralph Manheim

    London: Secker & Warburg, 1962

  • Hundejahre

    Roman

    Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1963

  • Ausgefragt

    Lyrik

    Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1967

  • Gesammelte Gedichte

    Lyrik

    Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1971

  • Aus dem Tagebuch einer Schnecke

    Roman

    Darmstadt und Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1972

  • Der Butt

    Roman

    Darmstadt und Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1977

  • Das Treffen in Telgte

    Erzählung

    Darmstadt und Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1979

  • Kopfgeburten oder Die Deutschen sterben aus

    Erzählung

    Darmstadt und Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1980

  • Die Rättin

    Roman

    Darmstadt und Neuwied: Luchterhand, 1986

  • Zunge zeigen

    Ein Tagebuch in Zeichnungen

    Göttingen: Steidl, 1988

  • Unkenrufe

    Erzählung

    Göttingen: Steidl, 1992

  • Novemberland

    13 Sonette

    Göttingen: Steidl, 1993

  • Ein weites Feld

    Roman

    Göttingen: Steidl, 1995

  • Mein Jahrhundert

    Erzählband

    Göttingen: Steidl, 1999

  • Im Krebsgang

    Novelle

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2002

  • Letzte Tänze

    Lyrik

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2003

  • Lyrische Beute

    Gedichte und Zeichnungen aus fünfzig Jahren

    Göttingen: Steidl Verlag, 2004

  • Beim Häuten der Zwiebel

    Erinnerungen

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2006

  • Dummer August

    Lyrik

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2007

  • Werke

    Göttinger Ausgabe

    Gesamtwerk ist in zwölf Bänden

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2007

  • Die Box

    Roman

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2008

  • Unterwegs von Deutschland nach Deutschland

    Tagebuch 1990

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2009

  • Grimms Wörter

    Eine Liebeserklärung

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2010

  • Was gesagt werden muss

    Gedicht

    Einzelveröffentlichung, 2012

  • Eintagsfliegen

    Lyrik

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2012

  • Europas Schande

    Gedicht

    Einzelveröffentlichung, 2012

  • Poesiealbum 302

    Lyrik

    Wilhelmshorst: Märkischer Verlag, 2012

  • Vonne Endlichkait

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2015

  • Günter Grass liest Lyrische Beute

    140 Gedichte aus fünfzig Jahren

    (ungekürzte Lesung)

    Berlin: Der Audio Verlag, 2018

  • Die Artur-Knoff-Geschichten

    Göttingen: Steidl Verlag, 2019

  • Du. Ja Du.

    Liebesgedichte

    Ausgewählt von Katja Lange-Müller

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2019

  • Werke

    Neue Göttinger Ausgabe

    Herausgegeben von Dieter Stolz und Werner Frizen

    Göttingen: Steidl, 2021

Prix
  • 1958 Preis der Gruppe 47 nach Lesung aus dem Manuskript “Die Blechtrommel”

  • 1958 Literaturpreis des Kulturkreises der deutschen Wirtschaft im BDI e.V.

  • 1962 Prix du Meilleur livre étranger

  • 1965 Georg-Büchner-Preis

  • 1965 Ehrendoktorwürde des Kenyon College, USA

  • 1967 Carl-von-Ossietzky-Medaille

  • 1968 Fontane-Preis

  • 1969 Theodor-Heuss-Preis

  • 1970 American Academy of Arts and Sciences

  • 1976 Ehrendoktorwürde der Harvard University, USA

  • 1977 Premio Mondello

  • 1988 Medaille für Kunst und Wissenschaft

  • 1990 Ehrendoktorwürde der Universität Poznan/Posen

  • 1992 Plakette der Freien Akademie der Künste aus Hamburg

  • 1993 Ehrendoktorwürde der Universität Gdansk/Danzig

  • 1994 Großen Literaturpreis der Bayerischen Akademie der Schönen Künste

  • 1995 Hermann-Kesten-Medaille

  • 1996 Thomas-Mann-Preis der Stadt Lübeck

  • 1996 Samuel-Bogumil-Linde-Preis

  • 1996 Hans-Fallada-Preis

  • 1999 Prinz-von-Asturien-Preis für Geisteswissenschaften und Literatur

  • 1999 Nobelpreis für Literatur

  • 2005 Ehrendoktorwürde der Freien Universität Berlin

Liens